Wednesday, September 10, 2014

CDM and NAMA Update as on 1st September 2014!

Dear Friends/Co-sailors,

FYI a latest update (as on 1st September) from the cdmpipeline and namapipeline websites.

Hope you would find it useful.

Best regards,



CDM news:

In August 8 new CDM projects were submitted. Four of these projects were hosted by India, 2 from Brazil, 1 from Bangladesh, and 1 from Lao PDR. In addition 2 projects from India and 1 from Zambia were resubmitted.

17 CDM projects got their registration action in August, bringing the total number of registered CDM project up to 7554, or 87% of the 8690 of the CDM projects that are alive. Only 1126 projects are still at validation and 10 have requested registration.

For 1859 CDM projects the DOEs terminated validation, and for 267 the DOEs gave a negative validation. 270 projects were rejected by the EB, and 63 projects were withdrawn.

August had a monthly issuance of 7.8 MCERs. The total issuance is now 1480 MCERs.  The average issuance success is 89.5%.

According to the "Annual compilation and accounting report for Annex B Parties under the Kyoto Protocol for 2013" FCCC/KP/CMP/2013/6 the total Voluntary Cancellation until the end of 2012 was 4.9 MCERS, and it could easily be the double now. Since the Voluntary Cancelations in the central registry is now 1.1 MCERs, the Voluntary cancelation in the national registries must be around 10 MCERs. However, it is secret how much was canceled for which projects in the national registries.

We have added a new table 7 at the bottom of the "Analysis2" sheet shoving the number of CDM projects using the SD-tool in each host country for each CDM type. The SD-Tool has now been used for 13 CDM projects (4 of these are PoAs).

In the PDD templates the section B8 showing, which the PDD consultants were, was deleted in March 2012. The UNFCCC has now (after EB80) reinserted this information in all the new PDD formats (for some in the monitoring section).

Since some CDM projects have submitted request for renewal into the 3rd crediting period, we have added a new column in the "CDM_project" sheet with the name "3rd period ktCO2e/yr" showing the average expected GHG reduction in this 7 year period.

We have added a new sheet called "TOC_Analysis" containing a Table Of Content for all the many tables and charts in the Analysis sheet. Click on the title of the table or chart you want to see and the macro will bring you there.

We have added a new column in the "Analysis" sheet called "Host country use". In this column you can now see the 128 Chinese CDM projects that have applied to be registered in the domestic pilot compliance market (they are marked with the text "CCER val.". In total 270 projects have been submitted to the Chinese domestic pilot compliance market until now. 16 of these projects are registered (recorded) in the Chinese system and 14 have got CCERs issued. We have added 4 new columns in the the far right-hand side of the "CDM_Project" sheet showing the issuance of CCERs and the credit period for these projects.

PoA news:

Two new PoAs were submitted in August:
"Accelerating Electrification through Grid Extension and Off-Grid Electrification in Rural Areas of Uganda" and
"Programme of Activities for Fossil Natural Gas Substitution by Renewable Natural Gas Produced from Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Waste in Brazil"

Subtracting the 42 PoAs that the DOEs terminated validation of, the 3 PoAs rejected by the EB, the 3 PoAs withdrawn, and the 22 resubmitted PoAs we now have 390 PoAs in the Pipeline: 123 at validation, 5 have requested registration, and 262 are registered.

6 new CPAs were submitted in August for 4 PoAs:
"Tanzania Renewable Energy Programme" got 1 new CPA,
"Promotion of renewable energy generation in India- Programme of Activities" got 2 new CPA.
"PoA on RE" in India got 2 new CPAs, and
"Nepal Biogas Support Program-PoA" got 1 CPA.

We have added a new column in table 2 and 5 in the "PoAanalysis" sheet. It shows how many CPAs have been submitted by each host country, and how many CPAs have used each sub-type. In total 1806 CPAs exist hosted by 64 countries.

We have added 2 small tables in the "PoAanalysis" sheet showing the top 10 most active host countries by the number of submitted PoAs, or CPAs. we also added 2 tables showing the most popular sub-types by number of submitted PoAs, or CPAs.

One PoAs had issuance of CERs in August.
"Small-Scale Renewable Energy PoA in Thailand" got 12.783 kCERs for the first of its CPAs. The total issuance from the 8 PoAs with issuance is now 0.8 MCERs.

JI news:

No new JI projects were submitted in August.

Excluding the 26 withdrawn projects and 1 rejected project the JIPipeline contains 761 projects (555 in track 1 and 206 in track 2).

No JI projects had issuance in August.

The total sale of hot air is estimated to be 453 Million AAUs

NAMApipeline news: see

The UNFCCC NAMA Registry can be accessed by the public at the webpage:

Two new NAMAs were submitted in August:

"Energy Efficiency in Public Sector" from Dominican Republic, and
We welcome Sudan in the NAMAPipeline with their NAMAs: "Development of a feed-in tariff NAMA for renewable energy".

This information is used as input to our NAMAPipeline, which now contains 53 NAMAs (including 1 NAMA that was withdrawn) and 10 support programmes.

We had added a new column in table 1 in the "Analysis" sheet showing the annual GHG reduction in 2020 in reported in the NAMAs. The total GHG reduction reported from all the NAMA are now 59 MtCO2e. Another column in the same table shows that the total request for financial assistance is 5042 MUS$.
Source: Email from Joergen Fenhann, Rasmus Saldern Antonsen and Thor Nyborg Bendsen, UNEP DTU

Ranjan K Panda

Convenor, Water Initiatives Odisha, INDIA
Mahanadi River Waterkeeper (Member, Waterkeeper Alliance, New York)

Mobile: +919437050103

Skype: ranjan.climatecrusader

Water talks to me, I speak for Water...

Water Initiatives Odisha (WIO) is a coalition of civil society organisations, farmers, academia, media and other concerned, which has been working on water, environment and climate change issues in the state for more than two decades now.

Friday, August 29, 2014

My Article on Nuakhai published in Odisha Sun Times!


By Ranjan Panda*
Nuakhai, literally meaning ‘eating newly harvested rice’, is the most widely celebrated festival in western Odisha. This festival of a quintessentially agrarian society reflects the rich cultural heritage of respecting ecology as the mother who blesses us with food.
Nuakhai 3The festivities celebrate respect for family elders, village deities and most importantly for Mother Nature, besides unity and friendship in the society.  Believed to have been adopted from the tribal communities of western Odisha, Nuakhai is now recognized as the festival for one and all in this region.
The belief underlying the celebration of Nuakhai is that you have to worship the harvest if you want Mother Earth to bless with you bountiful crops for all times to come.  That is the reason the newly harvested paddy is OFFERED to the mother deity first.  While village deities are offered the new rice all across the region, the ritual has taken the shape of huge ceremonies in pithas of deities like Samaleswari, Pataneswari, Sureswari and Manikeswari.
The new harvest is not considered sacred until it is offered to the deities.  A farmer, it is believed, gets God’s permission to use the harvest for both consumption and trade only after OFFERING the first morsel to Mother Nature.
The Farmer deserves a salute from all of us  (Pic- Ranjan Panda)
The Farmer deserves a salute from all of us
(Pic- Ranjan Panda)
Nuakhai brings the family members back to their ancestral/parental home.  After OFFERING the cookednua prasad made from the new rice, the family head distributes the same to each family member.  He then blesses them all and visits the deity’s temple, meeting friends and fellow villagers and all others present on that day.  It is popularly known as ‘nuakhai bhetghat’.
Tribal communities celebrate the festival with their folk dances.  Nuakhai is an occasion when you normally see everybody wearing new clothes and each family cooking numerous traditional recipes such as pithamanda and other delicacies.
For about three decades now, Nuakhai is being used as a festival for forging unity among all in the western region of Odisha.  Before 1991, people of different areas of the region used to celebrate Nuakhai on different tithis(dates) in the Bhadrava month.  However, after constant efforts by Hindu priest groups, Bhadrava Shukla Paksa Panchami Tithi was fixed for the Nuakhai festival.  Since then, the festival’s rituals are performed on that day. In recognition of the universal nature of the festival, the Government of Odisha has also declared it a state-wide holiday.
Nuakhai 2For the people though, the celebration continues for two, three days.  In rural areas, it stretches even longer.  Millions of people, who migrate each year to distant places for work, try their best to return to the village to celebrate Nuakhai with their family and friends.  Political and cultural groups also celebrate Nuakhai with great gusto.
Essentially an agrarian festival with its origins in ecological principles, Nuakhai has already taken the shape of a mass festival.  However, agriculture in the belt is suffering from many woes.  Drought is becoming more frequent in western Odisha.  More and more farmers are shunning farming and shifting to other occupations.  Government apathy and climate change are making the life of farmers miserable.
While there is no special effort to support farmers against frequent vagaries of nature and man-made calamities, the government is doing everything it can to marginalize them.  The government’s blind promotion of extractive industries at the cost of farmers is a matter of big worry.
If the current approach to development continues, Nuakhai would soon become history or remain as just a ritual bereft of its socio economic context.  For Nuakhai to stay and spread happiness, joy and unity, farmers have to survive and prosper.
Ranjan-PandaThe author is a Sambalpur based water rights activist and Convenor of Water Initiatives Odisha (WIO)


Thoughts on Nuakhai - 30th August 2014!

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Good Morning Thought - 27th August 2014!

You also have a history of your sub-conscious mind.  That is the reason, many of your own actions may surprise you...

Good Morning!

Monday, August 25, 2014

Large dams are more disasters than benefit: now a believer in large dams says it!

See what world's leading authority on the impact of dams on poor people, who worked most of his career supporting large dams, has to say now. THAYER SCUDDER, the world’s leading authority on the impact of dams on poor people, has changed his mind about dams.

Mr. Thayer Scudder held out hope through most of his 58-year career that the poverty relief delivered by a properly constructed and managed dam would outweigh the social and environmental damage it caused. Now, at age 84, he has concluded that large dams not only aren’t worth their cost, but that many currently under construction “will have disastrous environmental and socio-economic consequences,” as he wrote in a recent email.


An aerial view of the Kariba Dam between Zambia and Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, circa 1965.CreditPaul Popper/Popperfoto — Getty Images
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THAYER SCUDDER, the world’s leading authority on the impact of dams on poor people, has changed his mind about dams.
A frequent consultant on large dam projects, Mr. Scudder held out hope through most of his 58-year career that the poverty relief delivered by a properly constructed and managed dam would outweigh the social and environmental damage it caused. Now, at age 84, he has concluded that large dams not only aren’t worth their cost, but that many currently under construction “will have disastrous environmental and socio-economic consequences,” as he wrote in a recent email.
Mr. Scudder, an emeritus anthropology professor at the California Institute of Technology, describes his disillusionment with dams as gradual. He was a dam proponent when he began his first research project in 1956, documenting the impact of forced resettlement on 57,000 Tonga people in the Gwembe Valley of present-day Zambia and Zimbabwe. Construction of the Kariba Dam, which relied on what was then the largest loan in the World Bank’s history, required the Tonga to move from their ancestral homes along the Zambezi River to infertile land downstream. Mr. Scudder has been tracking their disintegration ever since.
Once cohesive and self-sufficient, the Tonga are troubled by intermittent hunger, rampant alcoholism and astronomical unemployment. Desperate for income, some have resorted to illegal drug cultivation and smuggling, elephant poaching, pimping and prostitution. Villagers still lack electricity.
Mr. Scudder’s most recent stint as a consultant, on the Nam Theun 2 Dam in Laos, delivered his final disappointment. He and two fellow advisers supported the project because it required the dam’s funders to carry out programs that would leave people displaced by the dam in better shape than before the project started. But the dam was finished in 2010, and the programs’ goals remain unmet. Meanwhile, the dam’s three owners are considering turning over all responsibilities to the Laotian government — “too soon,” Mr. Scudder said in an interview. “The government wants to build 60 dams over the next 20 or 30 years, and at the moment it doesn’t have the capacity to deal with environmental and social impacts for any single one of them.
“Nam Theun 2 confirmed my longstanding suspicion that the task of building a large dam is just too complex and too damaging to priceless natural resources,” he said. He now thinks his most significant accomplishment was not improving a dam, but stopping one: He led a 1992 study that helped prevent construction of a dam that would have harmed Botswana’s Okavango Delta, one of the world’s last great wetlands.
Part of what moved Mr. Scudder to go public with his revised assessment was the corroboration he found in a stunning Oxford University studypublished in March in Energy Policy. The study, by Atif Ansar, Bent Flyvbjerg, Alexander Budzier and Daniel Lunn, draws upon cost statistics for 245 large dams built between 1934 and 2007. Without even taking into account social and environmental impacts, which are almost invariably negative and frequently vast, the study finds that “the actual construction costs of large dams are too high to yield a positive return.”
The study’s authors — three management scholars and a statistician — say planners are systematically biased toward excessive optimism, which dam promoters exploit with deception or blatant corruption. The study finds that actual dam expenses on average were nearly double pre-building estimates, and several times greater than overruns of other kinds of infrastructure construction, including roads, railroads, bridges and tunnels. On average, dam construction took 8.6 years, 44 percent longer than predicted — so much time, the authors say, that large dams are “ineffective in resolving urgent energy crises.”
DAMS typically consume large chunks of developing countries’ financial resources, as dam planners underestimate the impact of inflation and currency depreciation. Many of the funds that support large dams arrive as loans to the host countries, and must eventually be paid off in hard currency. But most dam revenue comes from electricity sales in local currencies. When local currencies fall against the dollar, as often happens, the burden of those loans grows.
One reason this dynamic has been overlooked is that earlier studies evaluated dams’ economic performance by considering whether international lenders like the World Bank recovered their loans — and in most cases, they did. But the economic impact on host countries was often debilitating. Dam projects are so huge that beginning in the 1980s, dam overruns became major components of debt crises in Turkey, Brazil, Mexico and the former Yugoslavia. “For many countries, the national economy is so fragile that the debt from just one mega-dam can completely negatively affect the national economy,” Mr. Flyvbjerg, the study’s lead investigator, told me.
To underline its point, the study singles out the massive Diamer-Bhasha Dam, now under construction in Pakistan across the Indus River. It is projected to cost $12.7 billion (in 2008 dollars) and finish construction by 2021. But the study suggests that it won’t be completed until 2027, by which time it could cost $35 billion (again, in 2008 dollars) — a quarter of Pakistan’s gross domestic product that year.
Using the study’s criteria, most of the world’s planned mega-dams would be deemed cost-ineffective. That’s unquestionably true of the gargantuan Inga complex of eight dams intended to span the Congo River — its first two projects have produced huge cost overruns — and Brazil’s purported $14 billion Belo Monte Dam, which will replace a swath of Amazonian rain forest with the world’s third-largest hydroelectric dam.
Instead of building enormous, one-of-a-kind edifices like large dams, the study’s authors recommend “agile energy alternatives” like wind, solar and mini-hydropower facilities. “We’re stuck in a 1950s mode where everything was done in a very bespoke, manual way,” Mr. Ansar said over the phone. “We need things that are more easily standardized, things that fit inside a container and can be easily transported.”
All this runs directly contrary to the current international dam-building boom. Chinese, Brazilian and Indian construction companies are building hundreds of dams around the world, and the World Bank announced a year ago that it was reviving a moribund strategy to fund mega-dams. The biggest ones look so seductive, so dazzling, that it has taken us generations to notice: They’re brute-force, Industrial Age artifacts that rarely deliver what they promise.